In the past few months, two graduate students in the lab, Winston Jones and Drew Cranford have completed their degrees. Both are scheduled to graduate in December! Congratulations!
Aaron Wong will be presenting his poster at Psychonomics in Chicago in a few weeks. Here is the title and abstract:
Eye Tracking Metacomprehension
Studies have found that metacomprehension accuracy tends to be poor due to the use of inappropriate cues when making metacomprehension judgments. e situation model approach to metacomprehension suggests that judgments based on cues at the situation model level would result in high metacomprehension accuracy. However, the current methods of assessing metacomprehension accuracy make it difficult to determine if readers use cues generated during reading for making judgments. One potential method of determining whether online cues are used is to use an implicit measure, such as eye movements. In particular, regressions are theorized to occur when there are difficulties integrating new information with the existing situation model. e current study assessed whether eye movements could be used as an implicit measure of metacomprehension. Participants either read texts once or reread texts while their eye movements were recorded. Number of regressions was found to be a significant predictor of test performance, and other eye tracking measures were also examined in relation to test performance and metacomprehension judgments. endings suggest that eye movements can be used as an implicit measure of metacomprehension.
Comprehension through explanation as the interaction of the brain’s coherence and cognitive control networks
Discourse comprehension processes attempt to produce an elaborate and well-connected representation in the reader’s mind. A common network of regions including the angular gyrus, posterior cingulate, and dorsal frontal cortex appears to be involved in constructing coherent representations in a variety of tasks including social cognition tasks, narrative comprehension, and expository text comprehension. Reading strategies that require the construction of explicit inferences are used in the present research to examine how this coherence network interacts with other brain regions. A psychophysiological interaction analysis was used to examine regions showing changed functional connectivity with this coherence network when participants were engaged in either a non-inferencing reading strategy, paraphrasing, or a strategy requiring coherence-building inferences, self-explanation. Results of the analysis show that the coherence network increases in functional connectivity with a cognitive control network that may be specialized for the manipulation of semantic representations and the construction of new relations among these representations.
Two lab members will be presenting their research at Psychonomics in November. Winston Jones is second author on a poster examining individual differences in multitasking. Drew Cranford will be presenting his work on mouse and eye tracking to examine language comprehension anticipation behavior.
Check out our new paper on individual differences in multitasking. The lead authors are Hao Bai and Winston Jones (lab member), graduate students in our Cognitive Science Ph.D. program.
Our paper on mind wandering during strategic reading comprehension has just been accepted to Brain Research. A draft of the manuscript is available from our publications page.
Moss, J., Schunn, C. D., Schneider, W., & McNamara, D. S. (in press). The nature of mind wandering during reading varies with the cognitive control demands of the reading strategy. Brain Research.
Winston Jones and Aaron Wong will be presenting their research at Psychonomics on November 14, 2013 in Toronto!
Jones, W. E., & Moss, J. (2013). Decreasing the costs of interruptions: Interruption recovery as a trainable and transferable skill. Poster to be presented at the 54th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomics Society.
Wong, A. Y., & Moss, J., Eakin, D. K., & Tan, E. W. (2013). Understanding the role of rereading in the metacognitive monitoring of reading comprehension. Poster to be presented at the 54th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomics Society.
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